Complete Guide to Email Etiquette – All you Need to Know

email etiquette

We live in the digital age, where most conversations happen online via messaging systems or email. The latter calls for the right and consistent practice of email etiquette. Remember that an email that rubs the recipient the wrong way or gives the recipient a negative impression is as good as an undelivered email. It won’t get its desired results. 

The next time you’re about to hit the send button, first, parse what you’ve written to know for sure if it checks all the email etiquette boxes.

Now, what does email etiquette mean? Simply put, it’s the use of appropriate language and tone in an email. If done right, email etiquette puts you at an advantage.


Email Etiquette Benefits


When you compose an email with the utmost care, scrutinizing every detail for the message to achieve just the right tone, you get the following advantages:


  • Minimized workplace issues

    The practice of email etiquette reduces certain risks common to workplace settings. It’s no news that different types of harassment happen in professional settings, which may transpire via an online exchange such as emails.

    To spare your organization the trouble of addressing a discrimination or harassment case, encourage everyone to be on their best behavior, even when writing emails.


  • Streamlined workflows

    Suppose you’re working on a group project with colleagues. Most of your collaborations happen online, hence the necessity of emails. If all members subscribe to appropriate email etiquette, the risk of miscommunication is low—if not absent. More or less, everyone will be on the same page.

    As a result, there will be no need for instructions and guidelines repeated for the nth time. Output completion becomes quicker, too.


  • Professionalism

    It’s OK to sound casual if you’re interacting with intimates. However, if you’re speaking to a professional or academic colleague, you must keep the conversation professional. By subscribing to email etiquette, you get to do just that.


Email Etiquette Guide


When composing an email, keep in mind the following. 


Write a clear subject line

The subject line informs the recipient what the email is about. It should be clear and concise enough to capture the message’s essence.

For example, if you’re sending an email about your organization’s most recent policy update regarding tardiness, Tardiness Policy Update—or anything similar to that phrase—will deliver the message.


Refrain from writing a vague subject line that will have your recipients guessing the purpose of the email. Most importantly, avoid missing a subject line altogether. Remember that emails without a subject line sometimes go directly to the spam folder.


  1. Don’t forget the salutation and signature

    Salutation is how you address the email, such as Dear So and So. It’s important because it lets your recipient know they are truly the email’s intended recipien. They’re not getting the message due to some technical error.

    If sending to a superior, you may use a greeting followed by the recipient’s surname, such as “Good afternoon, Mr. Sanchez.” If Mr. Sanchez happens to be a colleague, use their first name instead.

    As for the signature, keep it simple and sweet. Sincerely yours followed by your complete name does the job. You can automate signatures on most email platforms.


  2. Mind your grammar

    Paying attention to grammar elevates your email’s sense of professionalism. Whether you’re sending an email to a grammar-sensitive or grammar-lenient recipient, it pays to always stick to this rule. You have nothing to lose and everything to gain.

    Moreover, you spare yourself from the controversy of having one of your emails circulated maliciously as an example of a poorly written message.


If in doubt, you may consult Grammarly. The site spots grammatical errors and recommends ways to improve your sentences and paragraphs.


Use proper punctuation

Using proper punctuation is not about being a grammar Nazi. It’s about message precision. Keep in mind that misplaced punctuation marks are enough to change the meaning of a sentence completely.

As such, if you need that Oxford comma for clarity, use it. Then, do not forget to put a period at the end of your sentences. Review your composed message if there are misplaced exclamation marks. You do not want your recipient to get the impression that you’re shouting when you were perfectly calm and composed while you wrote the email.


Refrain from using unnecessary characters

When you talk with friends and family online, you probably use a lot of emojis. They’re cute and precise. They give your fingers their much-needed rest.

However, resting your fingers should not factor into your concerns when writing professional emails. That means you must do away with emojis and other unnecessary characters.

No matter how tempted you are to use the cry-laugh emoji to express the utter and ridiculous pressure you’re feeling about an ongoing project, get a hold of yourself. If you really need to communicate your emotional state, spell it out.


Schedule your emails properly

A hybrid work setup means you’ve gotten used to blurring the lines between your personal and professional lives. Sometimes it’s easy to lose a sense of boundary. You compose an email at midnight and send it right off the bat.

This is where you need to regain a modicum of self-awareness. How would you feel if you received a work email at midnight or on a weekend when you’re supposed to be resting? The answer would be awful.

It would be best to spare others the inconvenience of receiving ill-scheduled emails. Whenever possible, stick to working hours when sending work messages. 


Wrapping Up


Whether you’re sending an inquiry to a team member from another department or a delayed deliverable to your boss, your email must have the appropriate language and tone. After all, you do not want your recipient to get the wrong message.

The same rule applies to a marketer in charge of an email campaign. The last thing you want is for your click-through rate to suffer because of a poorly composed email. Take the email etiquette tips mentioned above to heart, and you’ll get to say what you mean.